Minto Morley Reforms 1909. Both Lord Minto and Secretary of state John Morley convinced that the Indians demand for an increased share in the government of their country was fully justified. They worked together to draw draw up a reforms which were passed by the British Parliament in 1909 as the Indian Councils Act. They are usually referred to, as the Minto Morley Reforms. (https://eastwestknowledge.com/indo-pak-history-mcqs/)
MAIN POINTS OF MINTO MORLEY REFORMS.
The main points of Minto Morley Reforms are :
- The Imperial council was increased to 60 members by adding more “non-official members” (members not holding the positions in government).However British retained control by ensuring that the majority of members were official.
- The Central Executive Council was increased by adding 60 new members.The council discuss matters of importance and advise on government policies, including the budget.
- Provincial councils were also increased to 50 members in the larger provinces and 30 in smaller provinces.
- Muslim representatives to the councils were elected by a separate Muslim only electorate.
IMPORTANCE OF THE REFORMS.
This reforms increased the number of Indian sitting on the councils and therefore appeared to give the local population a greater say in how country was run. It must be remembered councils had no real power. Their functions were purely advisory. British only wanted opinion of Indians but they did not want that the locals should have the power to change government policy.
Morley himself stated that reforms were not part of a move towards setting up a parliament in India. The most important element of the reforms was the acceptance of the separate electorate for the Muslims. The Hindus called it undemocratic and for the next 25 years, congress was to pass an annual resolution calling for an end to separate electorate.
Congress badly failed to understand what the British were trying to do. The British had no desire to establish democracy in India. They just wanted to bring few changes which were necessary to bring stability. Both Hindus and congress and Muslims had set up their own political organisations and were campaigning for greater rights. The British need to react these demands but did not intend to give up an more power than they had to. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6YO3YpBzulI&ab_channel=EASTWESTKNOWLEDGE)