PITTS INDIA ACT 1784

PITTS INDIA ACT 1784 INDO-PAK HISTORY CSS PMS FPSC PPSC

There are following important Points of Pitts India Act : 1784

  • East India Company to do trading only.
  • Administration and taxation done through the company Governor-General appointed by and responsible to a government committee in London.
  • No bribery or person accepted for political or other favours.
  • Officials paid good salaries, so that they did not to obtain money illegally.
  • Tax collecting done under the supervision of British officials.
  • An independent court established to try offenders.

WARREN HASTING

Warren Hasting was really the founder of British India. He repeated the ban on private trading, bribery, and presents, and now had an independent court to punish corrupt officials. Officials were to be paid good salaries so that they did not have the excuse to trade. He appointed British tax collectors and tightened up the whole discipline of the company.(https://eastwestknowledge.com/east-india-company/)

When warren Hasting returned to England (1783), the government under Prime Minister William Pitt passed the PITTS Act 1784 OF INDIA, under which the country was ruled for the next 75 years. Governing India was too large a task for a private company, so a dual system was et up.

The company was to confine itself to trading, but administration and taxation were under the control of a government committee headed by a senior cabinet minister in London. Although the governor general was a company man, he was in practice appointed by, and responsible to, the boards of Control in England. The company could appoint officials but all of them had to be approved by the government.

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