WHAT ARE VITAMINS

WHAT ARE VITAMINS? [ EVERYDAY SCIENCE CSS/PMS]

In 1912 Hopkins noticed that in addition to carbohydrates, proteins and fats there are other substances needed for normal growth. Although these substances were needed in small quantity, yet these substances were called Accessory Growth factors. Later Funk proposed the name “Vitamins” for these substances. He discovered Vitamin B1 (Thiamin).

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TYPES OF VITAMINS

They are divided into two types.

FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS

The vitamins which dissolve in fats are called fat soluble vitamins. These are Vitamin A, D, E, and K. If these vitamins are taken in large quantity, they accumulate in the body and cause diseases. for example, accumulation of vitamin D in the body causes bone-pain and bone like deposits in the kidney. However, their deficiency also causes diseases. sources, uses and diseases because of deficiency are provided in the below table.

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WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS

The Vitamins that dissolve in water are called water soluble vitamins. These are b Complex and vitamin C. Vitamin C is also called ascorbic acid. water soluble vitamins are rapidly excreted from the body. Hence, these vitamins are not toxic even if taken in large quantity. However, their deficiency causes diseases.

IMPORTANCE OF VITAMINS

  • Each Vitamin plays am important role in the healthy development of our body.
  • Natural vitamins are organic food substances found only in plants and animals. Our body is unable to synthesize vitamins. Because of this, they must be supplied either directly in the diet or by way of dietary supplements. They are absolutely necessary for our normal growth.
  • Vitamins can not be assimilated without ingesting food. This is why, it is suggested that vitamins must be taken with meal. they help to regulate our body’s metabolism.

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